EXERCISE 1 : Basic Drawing – Line, Shape, Proportion and Perspective, Light and Shadow.

Geometric Shape

Material & Tool : Pencils 2B, 5B, 6B  on A3 Drawing Paper.

Okay before I explain about the basic of drawing, notice the image seen have a slightly some error around the sphere part at the shadow. The camera have effect the drawing to become a little bit tricky on the point eye view.

Alright, now for the explaination about the basic of drawing, what you must keep in mind are that most important thing are :

  • Line

    The line is a row of dots in a row with a certain distance. The lines can be processed to create the look, braid, tone, style, and to create the form, space, and movement. The lines on the objects of nature and man-made objects.


  • Shape
    The form has the structure of mass and volume. It has more than one surface and three-dimensional (3D). The form is a very important element in the production of works of art that are realistic. The use of elements of other art can be used to produce shapes like lines, interlaced, look, space and color. The line outside an object that will change the direction of the eye.
  • Proportion And Perspective
    The proportion are easily simplify where the logic of some shape such as the length of head are longer than hand. It include the logical size of part to it relation to the other size. The perspective space is the distance that makes two objects in the area between the object and the width size of the area. The concept of space plays a very important role in the graphic arts, interior design and architectural design. There are two types of space that is open space (space concrete) and the illusion of space (space illusion). Open space (space concrete), the actual space that exists in the environment, such as buildings, creation by God, vehicle and landscape environment. The illusion of space (space illusion), the space produced by the artist in a two-dimensional works such as paintings or paintings, models, industrial designs and models design indoor and outdoor decoration.
  • Light And Shadow
    Light and dark element is a lighting effect given to works of art. Light and dark element most frequently encountered when drawing. Lighting in question is a shadow, the dark side and light side (the side exposed to light) usually depends on the direction of the light. The sides are exposed to light by shading / color thin / light, and vice versa, the sides were not exposed to light darkened / colored thick / dark.

Source : http://www.learn-to-draw.com/drawing-basics/05-drawing-elements.htm

EXERCISE 2 : Element of Art – Line, Shape, Form, Space, Color, Texture and Value.


” An Apple “

Material & Tool : Pencils 2B, 5B, 6B  on A3 Drawing Paper


” Pear, Starfruit and Guava “

Material & Tool : Pencils 2B, 5B, 6B  on A3 Drawing Paper


The line is a path between two points. The line can be straight, curved, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, or zigzag. The line described as movement and the direction or orientation. The line is also an implicit where it replaces the mind when a few drops geometrically positioned in the frame. For example, put four points on the pages form a rectangle can be described in relation to these points when the mind looks for patterns that can be identified form. Edge shape and appearance of the produce line. The direction and orientation of the lines can also indicate certain feelings. Horizontal lines mark the peace and quit, while the vertical lines indicate power and resources. Sloping line indicates the movement, action and change. The line curved or S-shaped line marks the quiet, calm and passion. The lines marking the resting depth, scale and distance of rail or road, which is based give the illusion of a two-dimensional images into three-dimensional depth. The line chart is an effective element for lines can guide the eye.


The shape of the contour is defined as a closed and an element that is defined by the perimeter. The shape is flat and has a length and width. Examples of the basic shape is a circle, rectangle and triangle like figure on the right.


Shape and dimensions of the structural elements in the composition. The shape can be two-dimensional and three-dimensional and can be realistic, abstract or other. Actually, the shape is derived from a combination of points, lines and shapes. An example of such a shape are cube, pyramid, sphere and etc.


Space is provided for the purpose. Space can be two dimensions (length and width) as the floor or three dimensions (length, width and height). The room has a background (background), the foreground (foreground) and middle (middle ground). Space refers to the distance or area between or within a component. There are two types of space that is positive space and negative space. Positive space refers to the space in the subject while the negative space refers to the space around the outside of the subject.


Color is an important element in any design when designing. The use of color in art is not limited to the reflection or refraction of light, but the colors used to design more attractive. There are three types of colors: primary colors, secondary colors and tertiary colors. Normally, the combination of colors used is the contrast / about to make the design more interesting. Sub elements included in the color is ‘value’, which determines the difference between brightness and darkness of the shade.


Texture is used to create the look of the surface and are associated with certain forms of makeup. Texture refers to the surface quality of the form which is either smooth, rough or shiny. Textures can be for textiles or visually.


Value also known for brightness refers to the relationship between lighting and gloom color. Value different hue either exists or not. Value easily understood as a series of scaled values from dark to bright in the absence of hue. White is the highest value. Medium gray also is the midpoint between black and white. Black also is the lowest value. Under the changes that occur are shown on the image when the brightness is adjusted from gloom to brightness.

Source: http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/visual-elements/visual-elements.html